In 1922, an archaeologist named Sir John Marshall began excavations in the ancient city of Mohenjo-Daro. One of the most fascinating things he uncovered were the many artifacts that had been preserved over the centuries. These artifacts provide a unique insight into the lives of the people who lived in this ancient city.
The most common type of artifact found at Mohenjo-Daro are pottery shards. These pieces of pottery were used to make everyday items such as bowls, plates, and cups. Many of these shards have been found with painted designs on them.
These designs tell us a lot about the culture and art of the people who lived in Mohenjo-Daro. Other common artifacts include small statues, jewelry, and tools. The statues give us an idea of what the people looked like and what they considered to be important in their lives.
The jewelry shows us that the people were skilled craftspersons and had a great appreciation for beauty. And finally, the tools tell us that these people were very practical and knew how to get things done efficiently.
The Indus Valley Civilization was one of the most prosperous ancient civilizations in history. The civilization flourished around the Indus River basin in what is now Pakistan and northwest India from about 2600 BC to 1900 BC. Mohenjo-Daro was one of the largest cities of the Indus Valley Civilization, with a population of over 35,000 people.
It was an important center of trade and culture. Mohenjo-Daro was founded around 2600 BCE. The city reached its peak between 2500 and 2000 BCE.
The city was abandoned around 1700 BCE, likely due to changes in the climate or river system. The layout of Mohenjo-Daro is very orderly. The streets are straight and intersect at right angles.
There is a grid system of houses and buildings. Most houses have two or three rooms with a courtyard in the middle. The houses were made of brick and had flat roofs.
They were built on platforms to protect them from floods. The people of Mohenjo-Daro lived simple lives. They grew crops such as wheat, barley, lentils, and peas; they kept animals such as cows, goats, pigs, and chickens; and they fished in the river for fish such as catfish and carp.