Education in Pakistan
Education in Pakistan is a fundamental right of every citizen, as per the Constitution of Pakistan. The government provides free primary and secondary education to all children aged 5-16 years. However, the quality of education has been declining over the years due to insufficient funding and poor management.
As a result, only about 60% of children are able to complete their schooling. A large number of private schools have sprung up in recent years, which provide better quality education but are out of reach for many families.
Pakistan is a country located in southern Asia. The official name of the country is the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Pakistan has a population of over 200 million people, making it the sixth most populous country in the world.
The literacy rate in Pakistan is around 58%, with male literacy at 70% and female literacy at 45%. The education system in Pakistan is overseen by the Ministry of Education. The educational system is divided into five levels: primary (grades 1-5), middle (grades 6-8), high (grades 9-10), higher secondary (grades 11-12), and tertiary.
Primary education is free and compulsory for all children aged 5-9 years old. However, due to poverty and lack of access to schools, many children do not receive a proper education. According to UNESCO, only 62% of Pakistani children attend primary school.
The quality of education also suffers from a lack of resources and trained teachers. In 2016, only 50% of primary school teachers were estimated to have received any formal training. As a result, students’ learning outcomes are often poor.
For example, according to the National Assessment Survey conducted by UNESCO in 2013, only 45% of students in grades 3 could read a grade 2 level text fluently. Despite these challenges, education is still seen as important by many Pakistani families. Families often make sacrifices so that their children can go to school and get a good education.