One of the most fascinating and well-preserved ancient civilizations is that of Mohenjo-Daro, which was part of the Indus Valley Civilization. This great city was built around 2600 BCE and was one of the largest settlements of its time. It covered an area of over 150 acres and had a population of over 35,000 people.
The city was designed in a grid pattern with wide streets and large public areas. The houses were made of brick and had indoor plumbing! This amazing city flourished for about 600 years until it was mysteriously abandoned around 1900 BCE.
No one knows exactly why the city was abandoned, but there are many theories. One theory is that the river that supplied the city with water changed course, making the site uninhabitable. Another theory suggests that the region became too arid to support such a large settlement.
Whatever the reason, Mohenjo-Daro is an incredible archaeological site that provides a window into an ancient civilization.
Mohenjo-Daro Discovered by On 22nd May, 1922, an archaeological site was discovered in the Larkana District of Sindh, Pakistan. The site was known as Mohenjo-Daro, which is thought to have been built around 2600 BCE. It is one of the most important archaeological discoveries of the 20th century and provides a wealth of information about the Indus Valley Civilization.
The city of Mohenjo-Daro was built on a grid system, with streets running north-south and east-west. The houses were made of brick and had flat roofs. There were also public baths and storage areas for grain.
The city was surrounded by a defensive wall, and there was a citadel at the centre where the ruling elite lived. The discovery of Mohenjo-Daro has helped to shed light on a previously unknown civilization. It is clear that this was a highly developed society with sophisticated architecture and engineering.
The city was clearly planned and organized, with distinct areas for living, working and worshipping.